Establishment of early warning surveillance systems, preparing for, investigating and responding to priority diseases is very much critical in reducing morbidity and mortality in vulnerable populations, keeping in view of protection of global health security. Delay in the detection of outbreaks and inadequate preparedness and response aggravates the impact of spread of diseases, leading to increased numbers of cases, increased duration of epidemics, excess mortality and the potential for spread to other areas nationally, regionally, or globally. Project Directorate on Animal Disease Monitoring and Surveillance (PD_ADMAS) is the only institute catering to the needs of surveillance and monitoring of livestock diseases and thereby caring for the country's animal health. Livestock population and disease profiles available in the databank are the cynosure of the institute. Different units of PD_ADMAS are working towards designing of various forecasting and forewarning modules in order to predict the livestock disease outbreaks. Spatial epidemiology, temporal epidemiology, local and global epidemiology, molecular epidemiology of various livestock diseases are routinely studied which are of utmost importance in formulating the disease control strategies. The institute has also developed spreadsheet modules for economic impact analyses of various diseases causing abortions in livestock.
The PD_ADMAS has the credit of developing the web page, which will forecast the probability of the occurrence of a diseases in a particular district, two months in advance. The new sets of database were developed and maintained which include livestock disease profile, demography, livestock population profile, agro-ecological profile and meteorological profile. This knowledge is useful for the farmers, veterinarians and policy makers to control the disease.